Thermal Mass Flow Meters from Sage Metering

Thermal Mass Flow Measurement

Karen Rogers | September 6th, 2017

Does your production process include using and moving large amounts of air, including compressed air, or other gases? Then a Sage Thermal Mass Flow Meter (TMFM) may be just the thing you need in measuring the flow rate and consumption of your gases within your industry.  TMFMs will help you to monitor and improve energy efficiency as well as to meet regulatory compliance in environmental systems including reporting of Greenhouse Gas Emissions.

Typical Applications Include:

  • Measurement and Sub-Metering of Natural Gas and Compressed Air for Energy Utilization and Cost Accounting within a Facility
  • Natural Gas and Combustion Air Flow for improving Boiler and
    Furnace Efficiency
  • Flare Gas Flow in the Oil and Gas Industry

What is a Thermal Mass Flow Meter?

  • It is a Meter that directly measures the Gas Mass Flow based on the principle of conductive and convective heat transfer

Sage Thermal Mass Flow Meter

The meter consists of two sensors or RTDs (Resistance Temperature Detectors).  One sensor is self-heated by the circuitry and serves as the Flow Sensor.  The other acts as a Reference Sensor. Essentially it is used for temperature compensation. 

How Does Sensor Drive Circuitry Work?

The Sage proprietary sensor drive circuitry maintains a constant overheat, Δt, between the Flow sensor and the Reference sensor.  As gas flows by the heated sensor (Flow sensor), the molecules of flowing gas carry heat away from this sensor, and the sensor cools down as it loses energy.

  • the circuit will automatically (within 1 second) replace this lost energy by heating up the Flow Sensor so the overheat temperature is restored
  • the current required to maintain this overheat represents the Mass Flow signal; and its output is linearized to provide convenient engineering units (SCFM, SCFH, NCMH, KG/H,LBS/D, etc.)

Sage Insertion meters require a minimum of 15 upstream pipe diameters to function properly. If insufficient straight run is available, we have Flow Conditioners available which will reduce the upstream pipe diameters to a minimum of 3.

Based on your needs, there are several different mounting options available.  The probe lengths will depend on the mounting chosen.

Sage Thermal Mass Flow Meter

You also have the ability to set up your meter locally or remotely.

Sage Thermal Mass Flow Meter

If you have ducts larger than 36” Sage has a solution for that. They recommend an average of 2 or 4 flow meter outputs.  This method would help to improve overall accuracy in measuring the flow rate.

Sage Thermal Gas Flow Meter

Why a Thermal Mass Flow Meter?

Direct Mass Flow

  • No need for separate T or P transmitters

Rangeability and Sensitivity

  • Turndown of 100 to 1

Resolution as much as 1000 to 1 (for Sage)

  • Sage can even detect 5 SFPM (e.g., 1 SCFM in 6” pipe)
  • Low Pressure Drop
  • Will not impede the flow or waste energy

No Moving Parts

  • Eliminates costly bearing replacements, and prevents undetected accuracy shifts

Ease of Instillation

  • Insertion Style for pipes 1” and up

Over 5 years ago, Sage introduced the In-Situ Calibration procedure.  This methodology eliminates having to send in your meter for expensive annual factory recalibrations. 

How Does In-Situ Calibration Work?

First, you have to be able to create a “No Flow” condition (0 SCFM).  This is easy and only takes a few minutes.  In-situ Calibration assures you that your meter continues to retain its original NIST Calibration from the factory, it verifies that the meter hasn’t drifted or shifted, and confirms that your sensor is clean.

How to Buy a Flow Meter How To Buy A Flow Meter

Flow meters come in different styles, technologies, abilities, etc. No one meter that can do everything - but they all have their purpose. Before you can buy with confidence, learn what questions must be answered! 

Download the Guide

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Karen Rogers

Karen Rogers is an Account Manager for Cross Company's Instrumentation Group. Originally from North Central Ohio, Karen has spent 8 years in the US Air Force and has a Bachelors Degree in Production Operations and Purchasing. Karen has spent nearly 30 years as a sales professional. Her specialties include valves and controls, flow, level, pressure, temperature and analytical instruments, in addition to plant safety systems such as pressure relief and personal protection.